Saturday, December 17, 2011

Persidangan Menteri Menteri Luar Negeri Pertubuhan Persidangan Islam (ICFM) Ke-27 : 27th Session of The Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM) (26th July 2000)

Malaysia will be hosting the 27th Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM) scheduled to be held from 27-30 June 2000 in Kuala Lumpur in Palace of the Golden Horses Hotel. It would be the second ICFM hosted by Malaysia, the first being the 5th ICFM in 1974.

The ICFM is the second principal body of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) which is responsible for the defining the policies of the Organization. It meets actually to examine the means to implement the general policy of the Organization. It takes decision on issues of common interest in accordance with the goals and objectives of the OIC which principally to safeguard the interest and secure the progress and well being of the Muslim Ummah.

The 27th ICFM is held at the dawn of the new millennium which brings with it new challenges to the Muslim Ummah especially in view of their lagging behind in term of social and economic development and technology. The situation would be further compounded with the so-called globalization and liberalization agenda currently espoused by the developing countries.

Globalization and a borderless world seem very attractive in this Information Age especially in view of the advances made in transportation and communication. While it provides opportunities for the creation of wealth and economic growth, it has brought with it new risks and threats. Malaysia and other developing countries strongly believe that globalization can bring benefits only if it is given a human face and if it is governed by rules and practices to protect the interest of poor and developing countries.

In this regard, the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) in its 27th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Kuala Lumpur had chosen Islam and Globalization as the theme of the Conference. It is hoped that the Conference would be able to provide better understanding on the issues involved and to prepare the Ummah in facing the perils of globalization.

It is estimated that around 700 delegates from 56 Member States of the Organization if the Islamic Conference and other participants will be participating in the 27th ICFM. Some 300 members of the local and foreign Print / Electronic Media will also cover the Conference.

Kenderaan Buatan Malaysia Siri II : Malaysia Made Vehicles Series II (9th July 2001)

Tiara, Kancil, Kembara, Rusa, Satria, Putra, Inokom, Kenari TD2000, WajaSince the launch of Malaysia’s first car, Proton, in 1985 the Malaysian motor industry has since developed by leaps and bounds. Through advancements is technology, design and initiative Malaysia has produced the Tiara, Kancil, Kembara, Rusa, Satria, Putra, Inokom, Kenari TD2000 and the Waja. These vehicles are popular not only in Malaysia but also the world over.

50 Tahun Jubli Emas KWSP : 50th Golden Anniversary of EPF (1st Oct 2001)

The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) was established under the EPF Act 1951. The EPF is a statutory organization that is responsible for providing financial security in the form of savings for its members upon their retirement.

Until 1958 the Director of Post administered the Fund and subsequent to that, the Board took over its operations. The EPF received its first monthly contributions, totaling RM2.6 million from 518,948 members in August 1951. Fifty years later, its membership increased to 9.7 million with annual contributions of RM20.97 billion.
Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja
During the early years, the WPF provided coverage only for certain categories of workers. Then in 1970, the EPF expanded its role to cover almost all workers.

EPF members are allowed to withdraw their savings for retirement purposes at the age of 55 and prior that age, they are allowed to withdraw part of their savings upon reaching 50 years of age, for housing, healthcare and other purposes.

EPF is administered by Board of Directors. The Fund’s headquarters is located at the EPF Building in Kuala Lumpur. The Fund has 14 States Offices and 48 branches throughout the country.

Hidupan Laut Siri V : Marine Life Series V (17th Nov 2001)

Marine life animals

Our sea, our heritage.

The wonderous marine life with its unique and beautiful corals are the ocean treasures that requires protection and care for us and our future generation to enjoy. It is a marine ecosystem chain links with one another and the destruction of one of the chains will then destroy the ecosystem.

Marine life animals

Sunday, December 11, 2011

Pertabalan DYMM Tuanku Raja Perlis : Installation of His Royal Highness of Perlis (7th May 2001)

His Royal Highness Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail

His Royal Highness Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail, D.K., S.S.P.J., D.K. (Terengganu), S.P.M.J., S.P.C.M., S.S.M.T., was installed as Ruler of Perlis on the 17th April 2000. His Royal Highness was born in Arau, Perlis on the 12th Jamadilawal 1362 of the Muslim calendar of 17th May 1943.

His Royal Highness received his early education at the Arau Malay School. He then continued his English primary education at the Wellesley Primary School and then at the Westland Primary School, both in Penang until 1955. His Royal Highness continued his secondary education at the Penang Free School before proceeding to England where he completed his formal education in 1963 at the Wellingborough Public School.

His Royal Highness was installed as the Crown Prince of Perlis on the 30th October 1960, while he was still schooling. His Royal Highness underwent the officer cadet course at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, England from January 1964 until December 1965.

Upon completing his training in Sandhurst, His Royal Highness returned home and joined the Malaysian Defense Ministry. He served as a Second Lieutenant in the 2nd regiment of the Malaysian Reconnaissance Corps from 12th December 1965. His Royal Highness also served in Sabah in 1966 and in Sarawak in 1967 and he was transferred to Pahang until resignation on the 31st December 1969 to concentrate on affairs of the state of Perlis.
His Royal Highness Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail

On 15th February 1967, he married DYTM Tengku Fauziah binti Tengku Abdul Rashid, D.K., S.S.P.J., S.P.M.P., who carried the title Raja Puan Muda Perlis. His Royal Highness was installed for the first time as the Regent when His Royal Highness the Raja and Raja Perempuan of Perlis left for America and Europe from 23rd June 1967 until 24th October 1967.

In 1970, His Royal Highness served the army again after being appointed as Captain of the Local Territorial Army where he served from 16th November 1970 until 1st October 1972. His Royal Highness also served as the Commanding Officer of Regiment 504, an Army Reserved Unit, with the rank of Colonel. His Royal Highness was appointed Colonel-In-Chief of the Malaysian Rangers on 19th September 2000.

His Royal Highness was also actively involved in sports especially golf, tennis and football. In May 1971, His Royal Highness was elected President of the Putra Golf Club, a post he held until 16th April 2000. His Royal Highness is also the patron of the Perlis Referees Association since 1967 and held the post of the Yang DiPertua, Perlis Football Association for 18 years.

His Royal Highness is dedicated towards his people and takes great interest and care especially in the field of education. In 1986, His Royal Highness was elected the Chairman of the Tuanku Syed Putra Foundation, an organization formed to assists students in Perlis to further their studies in institution of higher learning, both locally and abroad. This, in return would help uplift the living standard in the state. His Royal Highness is also the Chancellor of the University Sains Malaysia.

His Royal Highness is keen on religious matters and is directly involved in the religious affairs of the state where he heads the Perlis Religious Islamic Council. His Royal Highness ensured that the religious understanding is based on the Fahaman Sunnah Wal Jammaah. To ensure that these teachings are spread and preached correctly throughout Perlis, His Royal Highness constantly seeks advice from religious experts in Perlis.

Friday, October 28, 2011

125 Years Anniversary Keretapi Tanah Melayu (22nd Jul 2010)

Keretapi Tanah Melayu
Starting with the opening of the first 12.5 km track from Taiping to Port Weld (Kuala Sepetang), Perak on 1st June 1885, the railway service in Malaysia is reaching 125 years of age by 1 June 2010. It evolves from steam locomotive to electric-powered train, and from single track to electrified double track, KTM Berhad is determined to become the heartbeat of the nation which stays relevant and on track in moving 1 Malaysia.

T Class Steam Locomotive (32101)
The T Class steam locomotive was made by the W.G. Bagnall Limited, England in 1927. The first locomotive was acquired in 1929 and it last ran in 1964. The existing engine has been contributed to the Malaysia National Museum in May 1975.

21 Class Locomotives
Class 21 Diesel Hydraulic locomotive engine was manufactured by Kisha Seizo Kaisha Ltd, Japan. The first engine was attained in 1965 and the last engine, train no. 21102 was last used in 1994.

83 Class Electric Multiple Unit (EMU)
The train is among the first electric train introduced in Malaysia. Class 83 EMU is a South Korean made engine, manufactured by the Marubeni/Hyundai Corporation. The first EMU was acquired in 1997 and still operates until present under the KTM Komuter Services.

91 Class Electric Train Set (ETS)
This train is the latest and most modern electric train owned by KTM Berhad. Class 91 ETS is made by Hyundai-Rotem Corporation, South Korea. The train is able to run at its maximum speed of 160km/h, by far the fastest running train on the one meter gauge. The first unit was received in December 2009 and the final one arrived in April 2010. ETS is expected to run commercially by July 2010 for the Seremban – Kuala Lumpur – Ipoh route.

Keretapi Tanah Melayu

26 Class Locomotive (Blue Tiger)
The Class 26 High Powered locomotive is a German Made engine, manufactured by the General Electric – Bombardier. The first engine was purchased in 2003 and the series is still being used until present. This engine is one of the most resent and modern locomotive owned by KTM Berhad, and is used by the cargo services.

Temerloh – Class 56
Class 56 locomotive is the last steam engine used in Malaysia (1939 – 1946). Manufactured by the North British Locomotive Company Ltd, Glasgow, there were 39 locomotives in operations in Malaysia during the era. The engine named Temerloh with the number 564.36 is the last steam locomotive which ran in 1997 and the only surviving unit.

20 Class Locomotive
Class 20 Diesel locomotive was made by the English Electric, Vulcan Foundry, England. The first locomotive was obtained in 1957 and the service was launched on 31 July 1957. The engine was last used in 1992. A unit of the train is put on display at Shah Alam Museum, Selangor.

Mata Wang Malaysia : Malaysian Currency (18th Jan 2010)

Malaysia Notes
Bank Negara Malaysia was established on January 26, 1959 under the Central Bank of Malaysia Act 1958. On June 12, 1967, the Malaysia dollar, issued by Bank Negara Malaysia, replaced the Malaya and British Borneo dollar at par. The new currency retained all denominations except the $10,000 denomination, and also brought over the colour schemes of the old dollar. Over the course of the following decades, changes were made on the notes and coins issued, from the introduction of the M$1 coin in 1967, the demonetization of M$500 and M$1000 notes during the 1990s.

Malaysia Coins

First series (1967)
The first series of sen coins were introduced in 1967 in denominations of 1 sen, 5 sen, 10 sen, 20 sen, 50 sen, followed by the introduction of the 1 ringgit coin in 1971. The 50 sen coin is the only coin in the series to undergo the minor design modification on its edge in 1971 to include “Bank Negara Malaysia” letterings.

Second series (1989)
The second series of coins enters circulation in late-1989. Changes include the inclusion of a hibiscus, the national flower on Malaysia, on the upper half of the obverse, and the depiction of items of cultural items on the reverse. On December 7, 2005, the 1 ringgit coin was demonetized and withdrawn from circulation.


First series (1967)
Bank Negara Malaysia launched its first local currency notes in 1967, in values of $1, $5, $10, $50 and $100. The $1,000 currency notes were launched in 2 September 1968. The obverse was printed with the portraits of the first DYMM Yang Di-Pertuan Agong. At the reverse was the BNM emblem with decorated geometry as the background.

Second series (1982)
On 1 September 1982, Bank Negara Malaysia launched its second series currency notes. All notes were covered with new design and featured Malaysia’s culture. Two additional new denominations (RM20 and RM500) were launched at the same time. The tiger watermark image on the old notes has been replaced byte portraits of the first DYMM Yang Di-Pertuan Agong.

Third series (1996)
The third series was issued with designs in the spirit of Wawasan 2020 in denominations of RM2, RM5, RM10, RM50 and RM100. In 2000, the RM1 note was reintroduced, replacing the RM2 note and the RM1 coin. In 2004, a new RM5 polymer banknote with a distinctive transparent window was also issued.

Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Istana-Istana DiRaja : Royal Palaces (18th July 2011)

Royal Palaces of Malaysia
Book of Stamps features a compilation of the Royal Palaces in Malaysia. As there are many royal palaces in Malaysia, this stamp issuance features the official palace of the Sultan of each state in Malaysia. Each palace featured in a stamp valued at RM1 has different and unique architecture features and design.

Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur
Istana Negara is the official residence of His Majesty, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and Her Majesty Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong. It was built on a 28 acre site and located at Jalan Istana opposite the Jalan Syed Putra, Kuala Lumpur. Besides held for the Installation Ceremony of His Majesty Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong, it also serves as a Royal banquet hall, installation ceremony, investiture ceremonies and the taking of oaths by the government ministers and state governors.

Istana Besar Seri Menanti, Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus
The Seri Menanti Palace situated in Negeri Sembilan is the official residence of the DYMM Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan. This new palace was completely constructed in 1931 to replace the previous Seri Menanti Palace.

Istana Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan
The Shah Alam Palace is situated in Klang, Selangor. Its construction was completed in 1960 on the site of the Mahkota Palace which was demolished in 1958. All official functions and ceremonial of Selangor royalty such as the proclamation, installation and coronation are held in this palace.

Istana Arau, Perlis Indera Kayangan
Istana Arau was beautifully nestled as an emblem for Perlis monarchy, the only state in Malaysia that used ‘Raja’ for the state ruler. This palace is located in Arau, the Royal Town in Perlis. It was built around year 1905 to 1945 during the reign of Almarhum Tuanku Raja Syed Alwi Jamalullail, the former King of Perlis the Fourth who reside before in ‘Rumah Kuning’ near the palace. This palace is a venue for official functions such as investiture ceremonies, served as a state banquet and also for acceptance of the chief departments, Members of Parliament, foreign ambassadors and honored guests.

Istana Maziah, Terengganu Darul Iman
Istana Maziah is the official palace of the Sultan of Terengganu. It is located at the foot of Bukit Puteri in Kuala Terengganu. It was constructed during the reign of Sultan Zainal Abidin III and was built to replace Istana Hijau which was destroyed in a fire. The Palace is the official venue for important functions such as coronation ceremony and royal birthdays, weddings, conferment of titles and receptions for local and foreign dignitaries.

Istana Anak Bukit, Kedah Darul Aman
Istana Anak Bukit is the largest palace in the northern peninsular Malaysia. It is located in Anak Bukit, the royal town of Kedah Darul Aman. It is the royal palace and an official residence to the Sultan of Kedah Darul Aman, Kebawah D.Y.M.M. Tuanku Sultan Haji Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah. In conjunction with the Golden Jubilee Celebrations for the 50th years of the reign of the Sultan Kedah Darul Aman, a construction of new building was completed in October 2007 which could accommodate 1,400 people at any one time.

Istana Balai Besar, Kelantan Darul Naim
Built by Sultan Muhammad II in 1840, Istana Balai Besar was originally built to replace his palace at Saba Island which was destroyed by erosion and flood. However, it is now used as an official office for The Sultan of Kelantan as well as a venue for official state functions. Istana Balai besar is the oldest palace in Kelantan and also one of the oldest Malay palaces in Malaysia.

Istana Abu Bakar, Pahang Darul Makmur
Istana Abu Bakar, an official palace for Sultan Pahang is situated in Royal Town of Pekan, Pahang and nearby the sites of Istana Seri Terentang. The construction starts in 1965 and completed its construction in 1974. Design of the palace was done by a Chinese architect and it’s more to modern design. This palace is now the residence of Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah.

Istana Besar, Johor Darul Takzim
Istana Besar constructed in 1866 became the seat of government with the establishment of a state council and offices. It is the birthplace of UMNO in 1946. It houses the Royal Abu Bakar Museum showcasing a wide collection of royal heirloom and artifacts of the Johor Empire from the 16th century.

Istana Iskandariah, Perak Darul Ridzuan
The Iskandariah Palace is situated at Bukit Chandan, Perak on the former site of National Palace. This palace is the official residence of the Rulers of Perak since its completion in 1933. The architecture of this palace is similar to the Islamic Indian ‘saracenic’ blended together with the West Asian architecture such as the pointed arch, design on the minaret and onion shaped domes.

Tuesday, October 11, 2011

100 Tahun Penerbangan : 100 Years of Aviation (7th July 2011)

1911 – 2011 : 100 YEARS OF AVIATION

The year 2011 marks the centennial celebration of aviation in Malaysia. The first attempt of flight in Malaya was made as early as 1898. A balloonist leapt from the top of a government building at Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman (formally known as Batu Road), Kuala Lumpur and crash landed at the edge of the Selangor Padang.

The Birth of Aviation

The first recorded flight performed by G.P. Fuller, who landed his Antoinette Monoplane at the race course in Ampang, Kuala Lumpur in 1911, marks the birth of aviation in Malaya. Thirteen years later, the first civil aircraft in Malaya – a Fokker FVII of Koninkujke Luchvaat Maaeschapaj (KLM) – landed on a bumpy grass in Alor Setar, Kedah. In 1928, Alor Setar becomes the center of aviation activities in Malaya when KLM operated regular fortnightly services. Alor Setar and Taiping were the first two British-built airstrips in Malaya.

Aviation first come to Kuala Lumpur on 10 May 1929 when an inaugural meeting of the Malayan Aeroplane Club (later become the Kuala Lumpur Flying Club) was held in the Malay States Volunteer Reserve Mess.

Commercial aviation in Malaya was introduced in 1930 when the Imperial Airways started its ‘flying boat’ operation at Penang’s Gelugor Marine Station. An Imperial Airways’ Armstrong Whitley Atlanta aircraft ‘Aurora’ that landed at Sungei Besi Airfield was the first commercial aircraft offering international service.

Era of Aviation Development

The development of aviation in Malaya started in 1956 when the Kuala Lumpur Airport at Sungei Besi was propelled to international status with its first flight to Europe. The Federation of Malaya joined the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1957. By the end of 1957 it had 8 airports in Malaya, which was established at Sungei Besi, Penang, Alor Setar, Taiping, Ipoh, Malacca, Kuala Terengganu and Kuantan.

In 1963, Malaya Airways Limited was renamed as Malaysian Airways Limited. The Subang International Airport was officially opened in 1965. In 1966, Malaysia-Singapore Airways (MSA) was formed before Malaysian Airlines System (MAS) was officially launched to the skies in 1972.

The Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) was given the status of a self-accounting agency under the Ministry of Transport (MOT) in 1975 as the regulator of civil aviation industry. In 1992, Malaysia Airports Berhad (MAB) was formed to operate, manage and maintain 5 international airports, 14 domestic airports and 15 short take-off and landing (STOL) ports.

Era of Aviation Excellence

The era of aviation excellence in Malaysia started with the official opening of KL International Airport (KLIA) at Sepang in August 1998. Since its inauguration, KLIA has been voted World’s Best Airport four times and has emerged as one of the top five airports in the world. The KLIA is also the home of two Malaysia’s biggest and award-winning airlines, Malaysia Airline System (MAS) and Air Asia.

100 Years of AviationOn 23 March 2006, the Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) was specifically built at KLIA to cater for low-cost airlines, especially Malaysia’s first ‘no-frills’ airline, AirAsia. It was voted the Center of Asia Pacific Aviation (CAPA) Low Cost Airport of the year 2006. Due to growing demand, a new permanent LCCT, capable of handling up to 45 million passengers per annum, is under construction and is expected to be operational by 2012. Air Asia has since expanded its route network that spans through 20 countries through Air Asia-X and has received numerous national and international awards.

The establishment of MAS and AIROD in the 70’s had then further supported commercial and military aviation activities. Although the initial activities were evolving around maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO), this eventually progressed into aviation manufacturing and assembling works in the 90’s through the production of Malaysian-made MD-3 and Eagle 150B two-seater light aircraft. With the transformation of Subang Airport into Malaysia International Aerospace Center (MIAC), Malaysia has staked a claim in the global MRO industry.

Today, Malaysia has made significant achievements in international civil aviation. It has advanced its international standing at par with other develop nations such as the U.S. and United Kingdom. Since its first bid in 2007, Malaysia has been elected a member on the Council of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) – a specialized agency under the United Nations responsible for the formulation of international civil aviation regulations, and standards and recommended practices.

Keluaran Bersama MALAYSIA-INDONESIA Joint Issue (8th Aug 2011)

Malaysia-Indonesia Joint Issue
The stamp issue is produced to promote greater understanding and goodwill amongst the people of the two nations who have much in common and to look back on our respective histories with the aspiration towards achieving our shared destiny of peace, progress and prosperity.

National Monument of Malaysia & Indonesia
Unveiled in 1966, the Tugu Negara is a memorial to those who have given their lives for the freedom of Malaysia. And in Central Jakarta, Indonesia stands the Proclamation Monument which features images of the first President Soekarno and the vice-president Mohamad Hatta at the reading of the Proclamation of Independence of Indonesia.

Currency of Malaysia & Indonesia
Malaya issued her first currency note in 1959. Reflecting the agrarian economy at the time, the first one dollar note featured a sailboat being hauled ashore by a crew of fishermen. Indonesia’s first currency note, Oeang Republik Indonesia was introduced on 3rd October 1946 during a difficult time. Later when the Japanese and Dutch currencies were phased out, a more stable system was introduced.

First Stamp Issued After Merdeka
Malaya’s first stamp was a 10-cent denomination featuring Malaya’s first Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman in the foreground and an endearing crowd of Malayans in the background. Indonesia’s first stamps with native scenes incorporated into the design such as rice cultivation with the aid of a buffalo and images of native dancers were introduced in the 1930s.

The Red & Green Jungle Fowl
Two unique jungle fowls complete the setenant strip in this joint issue. The Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus) is the ancestor of the domesticated chicken while the green jungle fowl (Gallus varius), a unique bird also known as bekisar, and endemic only to Java and a few of the islands such as Flores, Lombok and Komodo, represents the wildlife of Indonesia.

Khazanah Seni Visual Negara Siri II : Treasures of the Nation's Visual Arts (19th Sept 2011)

Seni Visual NegaraThe National Art Gallery (NAG) is a public institution that houses the best in modern and contemporary Malaysian visual artworks. Since its inception in 1958, the NAG has in its collection about 3,926 pieces of works of various genres. The pieces chosen here are the works of three famous pioneers of Malaysian art with research materials and represented in aesthetically rich design. The works are related to the themes of struggle based on the artists’ optimism towards cultures, surroundings and everyday living.

Mohd Hossein Enas takes the subject of multiculturalism to symbolize the idea of Unity and the sense of pride in preserving tradition. This can be seen in the painting ‘Bajau Horseman, North Borneo’ which displayed an identity that was formed by tradition, culture and the natural surroundings that is the pride of every independent individuals.

Anthony Lau presents his metal sculpture entitled ‘Ayam Jantan’ as a symbol of pride, shield and strength to an independent individual’s right of freedom.

The struggle and freedom for Nik Zainal Abidin Nik Salleh through his work ‘Corak Bendera-Flag’, must be preserved and protected like clothes on the body. The defense must be guided by the lines and colours of the banners of nationhood.

Saturday, October 8, 2011

Perahu Tradisi : Traditional Boats of Malaysia (15th Apr 2000)

All four Malaysian boats are from the East Coast and are attractive in terms of their traditional value. They are able to sail the open seas, each accommodating up to 20 people.

Perahu Tradisi
Their unique shapes and colors are believed by some to have Patani influence. The decorations display unusual motifs depicting fishermen’s lives. Their use today has become limited following new technological advancements in fishing methods.

Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Darjah Kebesaran Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa : Grand Knight of Valour (31st Jul 2010)

Seri Pahlawan Gagah PerkasaThe Grand Knight of Valour award, locally referred to as Darjah Kebesaran Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (S.P) is in the form of a silver medal in the shape of a crescent moon with three layers. In the middle layer is the inscription “Gagah Perkasa”, with the moon is the fourteen-pointed star. Both end of the crescent moon is linked by a carving design where it is attached to a 38.1mm yellow ribbon with 3.2mm red strips on both sides. The Grand Knight of Valour award was created on 29 July 1960 and was gazette on 11 August 1969.

It is the highest bravery award which can be presented in Malaysia and also the highest award in the federal ranking of awards. This award can also be awarded to a person who has passed away (posthumous). Up till today, 26 heroes have been awarded the Grand Knight of Valour. Out of the 26, 11 of the recipients are still alive. The late Mr Veloo a/l Rajavelu was the first recipient of the Grand Knight of Valour in 1963 for his bravery and spirit to foil the robbery in Klang in August 1962.

Monday, October 3, 2011

Ayam Katik : Malaysian Bantams (1st Aug 2001)

Ayam Katik
Malaysian bantams, especially the Serama Bantam, and the Kapan Bantam are highly valued for their ornamental properties. Competitions are frequently held by local bantam enthusiasts; the champion is picked principally on overall beauty, poise, gait and other attractive physical attributed. The rearing of bantams for their spectacular beauty will remain a popular pastime for many years to come.
Ayam Katik

Sukan SEA XXI : XXI SEA Games (8th Sept 2001)

The Flame

A universal symbol of passion and excellence, the weaving flame, representing the colours in the Malaysian flag, symbolizes a united region and the coming together of Southeast Asia’s best athletes. The rings at the tip of the flame representing the logo of the Southeast Asia Games Federation.

Si Tumas – The Mascot

Si Tumas, the fun-loving, energetic, fast-moving and friendly squirrel is a suitable mascot of the SEA Games. Its gold colouring signifies winning; it’s name SI is phonetically similar to SEA and is a friendly form pf address in Malay. TU is the first part of Tupai, which is Squirrel in Malay and MAS comes from the word EMAS, gold in Malay, hence SI TUMAS.

Saturday, September 24, 2011

Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya : Federal Territory of Putrajaya (1st Feb 2001)

Putrajaya, conferred the status of Federal Territory on 1.2.2001, houses Malaysia’s Federal Government Administrative Centre as well as comprises landscaped residential areas, commercial, culture, sports, recreational, and information technology centers.

Spread over 4,581 acres in the center of the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC), the city also lies in close proximity to the KL International Airport, Cyberjaya and Federal Capital of Kuala Lumpur.

Putrajaya is a well-planned modern city built to meet the challenges of the new millennium reflecting also, the rich cultural and natural heritage of the country. It’s an Intelligent City that turns to nature for inspiration to create A City In A Garden.

Serangga Siri III - Pepatung Donata : Dragonflies & Damselflies (25th Nov 2000)

Dragonflies and damselflies belong to the order Odonata. Dragonflies are grouped in the suborder Anisoptera while the damselflies are of the suborder Zygoptera. There are about 5,000 species of these creatures worldwide.

Studies on fossilized dragonflies clearly showed that these creatures have not changed much in body form since the time it began to exist on earth over 3000 million years ago. Pre-historic dragonflies grow up to 30 cm in length and have wingspan of up to 75 cm, making them giants of the insects’ world then, these days dragonflies with 18 cm wingspan are a rarity.

dragonflies pepatung
An exclusive feature these creatures have which is not seen among other species of insects is their ability to fly in reverse and also hover in a fixed position in mid-air. Dragonflies and damselflies are predators, both as nymphs during which they feed on aquatic creatures and as adults during which they feed on air borne insects including pests that threaten mankind. So far no known species of the Odonata themselves have been found to be pests.

Flora Tanah Tinggi Malaysia (Siri II) : Highland Flowers of Malaysia (Series II) (9th Oct 2000)

Rhododendrons are woody plants with showy flowers and attractive foliage. As ornamental plants, they are treasured for their flowers which come in all hues and colors of the rainbow. The flowers vary greatly in size – from tiny thimbles to trumpets-like ones that measure up to 20 cm long. The trees, too, vary in size – from dwarf shrubs to 4-storey tall giants.

Highland Flowers of Malaysia
There are 900 species of the genus and a majority of them are found in the colder regions of the Northern Hemisphere, especially in the Himalayan Regions of Nepal, South China and North India. No species have so far been found in Africa or South America. In Australia, only one species has been recorded so far.

Rhododendrons found in the tropics belong to the category vireya. There are about 300 species of these in South East Asia. Half of them, approximately 150 species can be found in the higher mountains and hills of New Guinea. Borneo has about 50 species, and 35 of them can be found in Sabah – 25 of which are found on the slopes of Mt Kinabalu alone. Sabah can also lay claim to having 12 species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

The species found in South East Asia are characterized with having ‘scales’, mainly on their leaves. Similar ‘scales’ can also be found on other parts of the plants such as the stem, calyx, pedicels, ovary, style and the outside of the corolla. Besides being helpful in the identification of the species, the scales also act as shields to protect the young developing leaves from the harsh radiation of the sun.

Highland Flowers of Malaysia
Rhododendrons are propagated from seeds, cutting or layering. Most vireya rhododendrons have long tailed seeds which help them to go great distances when carried by the wind. Vireya Rhododendrons grow well in areas with high atmospheric moisture and in acidic and peaty soils.

Most Malaysian Rhododendrons are mountain plants. Though many of them are epiphytes – living on other trees – a few can be found on rocky grounds on steep ridges.

Of the species featured four are native to Peninsular Malaysia, namely Rhododendron Malaya-num, Rhododendron jasmine-florum, Rhododendron scortechinii and Rhododendron pauciflorum. The rest are native to Sabah and Sarawak.

Puyuh & Sang Seruk : Quails & Partridges (22nd Jan 2001)

True Quails and Partridges are largely colorful, plump-bodied birds, with short tails. They belong to the family Phasianidae which also includes the pheasants. The Buttonquail is not a true Quail and belongs to a separate family, Turnicidae. It has been included in this series because of its similarity in size, shape and habits with the true Quails. Quails and Buttonquails are small-sized and inhabit open country while Partridges are larger and inhabit principally the rainforest. They forage on the ground for insects, worms, seeds, and fallen fruit. Most species are very shy and secretive and are therefore seldom seen.

puyuh quail
Quails, Partridges, and Buttonquails are amongst some of the more attractive and colorful birds of Malaysia’s open country and the rainforest. They are ours to protect and treasure as an important part of our natural heritage.
Puyuh Quail

Friday, September 16, 2011

Permainan Traditional Kanak-Kanak Siri 2 : Children's Traditional Games Series 2 (16th Sept 2000)

Childhood is a time full of joy with children incessantly trying to have fun playing all kinds of games. Nowadays, however, we seldom see them playing the traditional children’s games. That because the kids of today are more exposed to electronic games where they just have to sit in front of a computer. Just think, what are a great waste if would be if this trend continues and these traditional games eventually become just a faded memory.

Therefore, as concerned citizens who love and treasure the wonder of traditional games, we should make every effort to revive interest in these games and popularize them among children of this era. Such traditional games include Sepak Raga, Letup-letup, Gasing and Baling Tin.

These games are simple to play yet provide endless fun because they all require physical movement while indirectly stimulating the children’s mind. The materials needed to play such games, such as bamboo, sticks, rattan and string are easily available.

Sepak Raga
Sepak Raga, or kicking the rattan ball , is played by four to five children who must ‘juggle’ the ball with one foot for as long as they can before passing it to a friend. Players form a circle and each player gets a chance to kick ball made from woven split rattan.

Gasing, or top spinning, can be played by two or more children. A sting is wound around the top and held firmly while the top is hurled into the centre of the court. The opponent must then hurl his top into ‘nail’ the spinning top and if possible make it stop spinning. The other players then take their turn to continue the game and the player with the longest spinning top wins.

Baling Tin
Baling Tin, throwing the cans, is also very popular among children because it is really enjoyable. Participants are divided into two teams of three and more players each. Several empty cans of the same size are stacked up. A ball Is tossed from a pre-determined distance. The game begin with one of the teams trying to bowl over the cans and then re-stacking them. If the ball hits the person arranging the cans before he finishes re-stacking them, his team loses and the opponent will continue with the game.

Letup-letup, or ‘bang-bang, is always associated with the game ‘perang-perang’ or mock battle. A piece of bamboo measuring about a foot is used as a weapon. The bullets are made of balls of damp paper which are loaded into the barrel using a smaller piece of bamboo as a shaft. The bullet will shoot out at high speed and hit the target.

Wednesday, September 14, 2011

Satu Keluarga Satu Komputer : One Home One Computer (11th Aug 2000)

Malaysia government initiative to promote its citizens to own a computer for every households.

One Home One Computer

One Home One Computer

One Home One Computer

XXI IUFRO World Congress (7th Aug 2000)

The International Union of Forestry Research Organization (IUFRO) is the foremost international body in forest research. IUFRO is a voluntary, non-profit, non-governmental, international scientific body open to all organizations involve in forestry research and forestry science. IUFRO has promoted international coordination and cooperation in research and development on most aspects of forest science since its inception in 1882. 

The Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), the Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia and University Putra Malaysia are amongst member of IUFRO from Malaysia.

Mamalia Yang Dilindungi (Siri II) : Protected Mammals (Series II) (26th Aug 2000)


The civets (Musang) are nocturnal creatures that look like long-nosed cats. They have long tails and often patterned coats. They belong to the family viverridae of which the mongoose is a member. 

There are 12 known species of viverridae throughout Malaysia and they are mostly found in forest habitats. Civets are found throughout Peninsular Malaysia as well as in Sabah and Sarawak. They feed on small animals and fruits. The strong odour they discharge and the colour of their coats form their natural defence mechanism. It is also possible that the scent they emit is a form of communication. 

Four soecies of the civets are protected in Malaysia: 
  • Binturng (Arctictis binturong) 
  • Otter Civet (Cynogale bennettii) 
  • Banded Palm Civet (Hemigalus derbyanus) 
  • Banded Linsang (Prionodon lnsang)

KL 2002 Hockey World Cup (2nd Jan 2002)

For the first time in the history of international hockey, Kuala Lumpur is the only city chosen as the World Cup more than once. The 10th Men’s Hockey World Cup will be held for more than 2 weeks starting from the 24th February till 9th March 2002. Countries participating to vie for this prestigious title includes from Europe, the defending champion Netherlands, European Champions Germany, 1998 World Cup runner-up Spain, England, Poland and Belgium.

Asia has 5 nations participating for the first time – host nation Malaysia, Olympic silver medalist South Korea, four times World Cup titleholder Pakistan, past champion India and Japan. Argentina and World Cup debutantes Cuba are the representatives from the American continent while Olympic bronze medalist Australia and New Zealand bear the hopes of the Asia Pacific, South Africa, in the meantime is the sole entry from Africa.

As the main venue for the tournament, the National Hockey Stadium Bukit Jalil, located 20 km from the city will see 72 matches being played by 16 countries taking part.

Tumbuhan Akuatik : Aquatic Plants (11th May 2002)

In Malaysia most of these aquatic flowering plants are found in ponds, ditches, lakes, dams, rivers, irrigation canals and wet paddy fields. Due to their rapid growth, ability to constantly regenerate and their tolerance to a wide range of environmental conditions, some are considered weeds. 

More than 15 species of these plants are edible. Some species are harvested and used as animal fodder. Paddy farmers increase their crop by using plants as green manure in their fields. 

Some have medicinal value, while certain species are used as ornaments and source if oxygen in fish tanks and aquariums. Some are cultivated as ornaments in ponds while others are used to make handicrafts.

Recently, efforts have been made to rediscover the usefulness of these plants. In the past, there plants were also depicted as motifs in ancient architecture, art, woodwork as well as on fabrics and tapestries. 

Aquatic plants

Aquatic plants
These days most of the species, which require clean water to flourish are being rediscovered for other beneficial uses. They are being preserved and utilized as food for other aquatic life, grown as ornamental and aquarium plants for the horticulture and landscaping business as well as raw materials foe the cottage industry.

Makanan Traditional Musim Perayaan : Traditional Festive Food (10th Aug 2010)

Makanan Tradisional
Malaysia is a unique country with various races and a myriad of ethnic groups from Sabah and Sarawak, that is rich with various religions as well as different cultures and customs. This can be seen on the wide variety of food dishes that are served during festive celebrations by the different race and ethnic groups that vary in cooking styles, taste and decoration.

Makanan TradisionalThe stamps include:
  • Malay traditional food
  • Chinese traditional food
  • Indian traditional food
  • Traditional food for ethnic groups in Sabah
  • Traditional food for ethnic groups in Sarawak

Gaya Hidup Orang Asli : Lifestyles of the Aboriginal People (27th Sept 2010)

Malaysia’s indigenous communities represent a small but important part of the nation’s multi racial milieu. These communities are disproportionately spread out between the small and frequently isolated communities found in the peninsular and the Malaysian Borneo states of Sarawak and Sabah where they make up 50 to 60 percent of the respective states’ populations.

The ‘Orang Asli’ are made up of nearly a hundred different ethnic sub-groups. These include around twenty in Peninsular Malaysia although administratively they are categorized as Negrito, Senoi, and Aboriginal Malay. Sabah and Sarawak, on the other hand, has between thirty to forty distinct sub-group each with an even more amazing number of languages and dialects.

The Department of Orang Asli Affairs or JHEOA is entrusted with the care and administration of the indigenous communities. Its mandate includes the eradication of poverty, improvement of health, promoting education and improving their general livelihoods and where possible and desired, their integration with mainstream Malaysian society.

Pejabat Pos Lama : Old Post Offices (9th Oct 2010)

The Post Office was officially established in England in 1660. Similar Post Offices were established across the British Empire and other countries including Malaysia. In the early 1800s, the postal services started in the Straits Settlements (Penang, Malacca and Singapore) and gradually covered the whole of Malaysia by early 20th century.

A post office is the facility for the posting, receipt, sorting, handling transmission and delivery of mail. All post is transferred from the post office of origination to distribution points called sorting stations, and from there the post was then sent on for delivery to the receiver of post. The Post Master heads each post office.

However, what started as a medium for the transmission of letters and business documents, the postal service has evolved into a one stop services provider. It began to venture into parcel delivery, registrations, insurance service, transaction of money (postal order and money order) and banking services.

From Jabatan Perkhidmatan Pos, Jabatan Pos, in early 1992, Pos Malaysia Berhad began the biggest changes in the history with the grant of business freedom. With freedom comes a greater challenge. Faced with growing competitions, Pos Malaysia Berhad begins its journey of streamlining its operations by segregation of the business into three main Strategic Business Units called PosMel, PosLaju, and PosNiaga.

Today, there are over 703 post offices in Malaysia. This issue highlights some of the existing post office buildings in Malaysia; that is two post offices from each state are presented by stamps valued at 60sen each. Most of the post offices buildings are historical buildings; some were built before Pre-World War II period. The post offices nationwide have different characteristics and architectural styles that are each interesting and unique.

Warisan : Heritage of Negeri Pahang Darul Makmur (24th Oct 2010)


His Royal Highness Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah, the third prince of His Royal Highness Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah and Her Royal Highness Tengku Ampuan Pahang, Raja Hajjah Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Alang Iskandar Shah was born in the Istana Mangga Tunggal Pekan on 24 October 1930.

His Royal Highness received his education at Sekolah Melayu Kuala Kangsar, Sekolah Clifford Kuala Lipis and Malay College Kuala Kangsar. His Royal Highness also studied the Japanese langguage during the Japanese occupation in Malaya.

On 25 May 1944, His Royal Highness was proclaimed as His Royal Highness Tengku Mahkota Pahang and in 1948, persued his studies in the General Admission in Worchester College, Oxford. His Royal Highness also persued a Local Government course in University College, Exeter, Devon followed by practical training in Urban District Council in Devon for three years.

His Royal Highness Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah  wed Her Royal Highness Tengku Ampuan Pahang Tengku Hajjah Afzan binti Almarhum Tengku Panglina Perang Tengku Muhammad on 22nd April 1954 and is blessed with 2 princes and 5 princesses. After the passing of Her Royal Highness Tengku Ampuan Pahang Tengku Hajjah Afzan on 29th Jun 1988, His Royal Highness wed Her Royal Highness Sultanah Pahang, Sultanah Hajjah Kalsom on 14 March 1991 and blessed with one prince.

His Royal Highness was proclaimed His Royal Highness Sultan and Royal Ruler for State of Pahang Darul Makmur on 7 May 1974. The Royal installation of His Royal Highness as the fifth Sultan Pahang was held on 8 May 1975.

His Royal Highness has ruled the Government of the State of Pahang Darul Makmur for 36 years and under his reign and leadership, every layer of soceity can today enjoy the prosperity, peace and harmony. His Royal Highness takes great interest in the development and improvement in the living standard of his subjects.

This is clearly seen vis the seven stragegies of strenghtening the economy  of the state that is strenghtening the communication and greater reach, increase the utility capacity, strenghtening the human model, increase and added valuein the productive sector, widening the social network, increase in quality of life, and strenghten foreign investment.

Majlis Raja-Raja Melayu elected His Royal Highness as the seventh His Royal Majesty on 25 April 1979, where His Royal Highness ruled until 25 April 1985.

His Royal Highness also played an active role in the national education that had made him the Head of Board, International Islamic University Malaysia in February 1983 up till today.

His Royal Highness likes outdoor activities and excell as a great national and international polo player. His Royal Highness also had interest in other sports activities such as football, tennis, hockey and golf.

In 1982, His Royal Highness was awarded the International Olympic Football Award. He was the only Malaysian to the said prestigious award. His Royal Highness is also a sports enhusiast and has been the President of the Football Association of Malaysia since 1984 up till today and President of the Asian Federation of Football till 2002.

Under the leadership of His Royal Highness, Malaysia succeeded to wing the Merdeka Throphy after 9 years with a victory against South Korea 3-1 during extra time on 17th Feb 1993.

His Royal Highness has proven himself a well-rounded Ruler and is known to take great interests in the welfare of his people including victims of disaster.

Long Live His Royal Highness.

Tuesday, September 13, 2011

Permainan Tradisional Masa Lapang bersama Upin & Ipin : Traditional Past Time Games with Upin & Ipin (13th Dec 2010)

In Malaysia, traditional games can be found in abundance. They include congkak, batu seremban or five stones, konda-kondi and galah panjang among many others. These traditional games are not only enjoyable, they also instill the spirit of teamwork and cooperation and enhance creativity, hence strengthening the bonds of relationships. But sadly in today's time of rising technology, traditional games are almost forgotten. Now, Upin & Ipin along with their friends are featured in postage stamps themed with these traditional games in hopes of introducing them to the current generation as well as bringging back nostalgic memoried for adults all over.

Batu Seremban
Batu seremban or five stones is a traditional game usually played by girls at the verandah, inside the house or any surface area that is flat and clean for the players to sit and play. The game requires five stones or any five small objects known as 'buah' to play with. Besides the common five 'buah', players can also choose to play with seven or nine 'buah', depending on what type of game they are playing.

The player will be sitting on the floor and 'buah' will be scattered on the floor. Then, one player will is to throw the 'buah' into the air one at a time and sweeping other 'buah' from the floor, catching the one that has been thrown before it reaches the ground using only one hand. This game starts with sweeping only one stone at a time, gradually adding the number of stones to sweep until completing the five / seven / nine 'buah' as the game gets more complicated. The first person to complete every level of the game wins.

Another game usually played by young girls is called congkak. Most of the love to play this game because of its fun and easy game-play. Marbles / saga seeds / small stones are used as tokens to be filled in every hole (also known as 'kampung') of the congkak board. The main goal is to collect as many tokens as they can to be filled into the 'houses' (also known as the 'ibu') located at each end of the board. Players will be seated directly opposite each other facing the board. Players will start playing simultaneously by taking the tokens out of one of the holes and putting one into each consecutive holes starting from right to left until they reach the kampung of their opponent. They will continue to do so until they run out of tokens that are collected at their respective ibu. The player who has collected the most tokens in their house wins the game.

Galah Panjang
Galah panjang is not an individual traditional game. It requires two separate teams of attackers and defenders. Each teams usually consists of no less than four players, thus the game is played by about ten players. Every player is required to run past all defending lines, from the first line to the last and run back towards the first line without any physical contact with the opposing team. If any member of the opposing team manages to touch any player, the player is considered 'dead' and out of the game. This game is played not only by children, but also by adults as this game often brings back cheerful nostalgic memories for them.

Persidangan Anggerik Sedunia Ke-17 : 17th World Orchid Conference Malaysia 2002 ( 24th Apr 2002)

Orchid enthusiasts worldwide will converge in Malaysia for the 17th World Orchid Conference, scheduled for April 24 - May 2, 2002 at the Malaysian International Exhibition & Convention Center, Shah Alam.

Established experts, scientists and well-known orchid growers will be invited to share their knowledge and expertise. Renowned orchid scientists will delve with specific areas, giving orchid enthusiasts an exclusive insight into the science of orchids as well as giving them the opportunity to interact with these prominent orchid experts.

The conference is also an opportune time for orchid scientists worldwide to meet and discuss their specific research and some of these researchers will be called upon to present their latest findings.

The conference will satisfy the needs of every type of orchid enthusiasts.